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Draw (Passive) Lotteries

With sales of approximately US$18.3 billion, or 14% of worldwide annual lottery sales, draw games remain an important part of the lottery industry. These games have the richest history of any lottery product, dating back to Augustus Caesar, who first sold them at parties and subsequently developed a public lottery to finance the reconstruction of Rome.
The first public lottery to have paid money as prizes is believed to be La Lotto de Firenze in Florence in 1530. This was such a successful enterprise that the practice quickly spread to other Italian cities. When the Italian nation was united, the first national lottery was created in 1863, with regular (weekly) drawings organized for the purpose of providing income for the state.
Queen Elizabeth I chartered a general lottery in England in 1566 to raise money for repairing harbours and other public purposes.
In 1612 the Virginia Company obtained permission from James I for a lottery to help in financing the settlement of Jamestown in the New World.
Draw games are considered passive games. Players do not choose their numbers but rather each ticket is assigned a number before it is sold. There have been numerous experiments in recent years to maintain player interest in these games. Among these are hybrid draw-and-instant games (in Canada, Japan and some Nordic countries) as well as attempts to make draw games active with players choosing their numbers from a field (see El Gordo).
Draw games are fairly universal, with the conspicuous exception of the United States. Draw games remain most popular in countries without significant on-line networks or in countries like Australia (see below) where they have a long history and are firmly entrenched into the national psyche - Spain and its Navidad game (the world's largest individual lottery event) is the classic example.
SOURCE: The Whole World Lottery Guide.

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